Roux-en Y Divided Gastric Bypass
Named for Cesar Roux, the surgeon who first described the procedure, the Roux-en Y procedure reconfigures parts of the stomach and intestine to resemble a stick Y-shape. It reduces the size of the stomach to a small pouch that holds about 1 to 2 ounces of food.
Limiting the amount of food a patient can eat and the number of calories that the patient’s body can absorb helps the patient achieve dramatic weight-loss while often controlling Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea and other health problems. The hospital stay is two to three days and out-of-work time is a week minimum.
Sleeve gastrectomy is a restrictive weight loss surgery that permanently removes 85 percent of the stomach, leaving it in the shape of a small banana. This means you should feel full sooner than usual. The hospital stay is one day, and out-of-work time is two weeks.
Adjustable Gastric Band
The adjustable gastric band is the only adjustable surgical treatment for morbid obesity. The band is an implanted device that slows the movement of food into your stomach, helping you consume less. During the procedure, surgeons use small incisions to implant an inflatable silicone band into the patient’s abdomen. Like a wristwatch around the wrist, the band is fastened around the upper stomach to create a tiny, new stomach pouch. As a result, patients experience an earlier sensation of fullness and are satisfied with smaller amounts of food. The hospital stay is one day, and out-of-work time is two weeks.