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Heart Conditions

| Date Posted: 6/10/2014 | Author: Admin

Coronary Heart Disease

Conditions affecting the coronary arteries—the arteries that carry blood to the heart

 

Hypertension

Persistent high blood pressure that may affect the arterial system

 

High Cholesterol/Lipid Conditions

Raised levels of total cholesterol in the blood which may affect the artery walls; problems with various forms of fat that flow through the bloodstream

 

Congestive Heart Failure

Weakened heart muscle

 

Arrhythmias

Abnormalities in the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat

 

Cardiomyopathy

Chronic disorders of the heart muscle

 

Valvular Heart Disease

Conditions affecting one or more of the four valves of the heart

 

Congenital Heart Disease

Heart defects that have been present since birth

 

Rheumatic Heart Disease

Condition in which the heart valves have been damaged due to Rheumatic Fever

 

Miscellaneous Related Heart Conditions

Conditions related to Marphan’s Syndrome, thyroid problems, etc.

 

 

Diagnostic Testing

 

Electrocardiography (EKG)

A non-invasive test during which electrical signals from each heartbeat are transmitted from electrodes on the patient’s skin to a machine that graphs the rhythm and rate of the heartbeat; used to evaluate a number of heart conditions

 

Radiography

Chest X-ray used to evaluate the lungs, heart, and chest wall for a number of medical conditions

 

Echocardiography

A non-invasive diagnostic test that uses ultrasound, high-frequency waves to produce images of the heart’s structure and function, including the valves; used to detect and evaluate a myriad of heart conditions and defects

 

Carotid Ultrasound

A non-invasive diagnostic test that employs high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the carotid arteries; used to diagnose and evaluate blockage in the carotid arteries

 

Lab Tests

Tests performed in our onsite lab including: heart failure blood tests, electrolytes, lipid profiles, etc.

 

Stress Testing

Tests used to check for blocked arteries in the heart

 

 

Exercise Treadmill Test

 

Nuclear Imaging (Myocardial Perfusion Scan)

Tests during which a small amount of a radioactive imaging agent is administered to the patient through an IV; the radioactivity aids the physician in detecting and evaluating the extent of coronary artery disease by comparing the blood flow in the heart at rest to the blood flow after stress

 

Treadmill
Chemical-Induced

- Adenosine (medication used to dilate the coronary arteries)
- Dobutamine (medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure)

Stress Echo 
Treadmill
Dobutamine

 

Rate/Rhythm Testing

Tests used to check abnormal heart rate and rhythms that may lead to symptoms

 

24 Hour Holter Monitor

Electrodes are placed on patient to monitor heart rate and rhythm for continuous 24 hour period

 

Event Monitor

Small monitor used for up to 30 days to record heart rate and rhythm periodically, during occurrence of symptoms

 

Loop Recorder

Implanted device that records heart rate and rhythm for up to a year

 

Electrophysiology Study

Tests used to examine the electrical function of the heart to diagnose or further determine arrhythmias; physicians monitor or stimulate the heart with electricity using small catheters inserted into blood vessels surrounding the hear

 

 

Procedures

 

Coronary Angiography/“Heart Cath”

These procedures may be diagnostic or therapeutic and are used to determine the extent of blockage in the arteries; a heart catheterization involves the insertion of a thin tube—a catheter—into an artery to provide information to the physician about blood supply to the heart or other potential heart conditions

 

Angioplasty/Stent

Angioplasty treatments are designed to reopen the inside of a blocked coronary artery to allow for sustained blood flow to the heart muscle; a stent is a device that may be inserted into an artery to act as a scaffold to prevent the artery from collapse or closure

 

Pacemaker Implantation

An outpatient procedure during which a pacemaker—a small device used to correct a slow, irregular, or abnormal heartbeat—is inserted; pacemakers may be temporary or permanent, internal or external

 

Cardiac Defibrillator Implantation

A procedure during which a small device is implanted under the skin in the upper chest and connected to the heart to monitor heart rate; when irregularity is detected, the defibrillator will electrically shock the heart to normalize its rhythm

 

CRT—Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

New form of therapy in which a specialized pacemaker is used to re-coordinate the action of the left and right ventricles (pacing both ventricles simultaneously) in patients with congestive heart failure

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