Kyphoplasty may be used for patients with compression fractures in the spine. The procedure offers the potential to restore bone height in the vertebra and reverse deformity of the spine.
The patient undergoing kyphoplasty lies face down allowing the physician to advance a thin tube into the fractured vertebra from an incision in the back.
This provides a pathway so the physician can insert a special balloon into the interior of the vertebra. Once the balloon is inflated it pushes apart the caps, or end plates, of the fractured vertebra, restoring the vertebra to its original shape as much as possible. The balloon is then deflated and removed, leaving a cavity that the physician fills with bone cement.
Kyphoplasty is successful in restoring bone height and correcting deformity when performed on recent compression fractures, those caught within two to three months.
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