Bone marrow biopsy and bone marrow aspiration are procedures to collect and examine bone marrow — the spongy tissue inside larger bones. Bone marrow biopsy and bone marrow aspiration can show whether bone marrow is healthy and making normal amounts of blood cells.
Doctors use bone marrow biopsy and aspiration to diagnose and monitor blood and marrow diseases, including some cancers.
Bone marrow has a fluid portion and a more solid portion. In bone marrow aspiration, the doctor uses a needle to withdraw a sample of the liquid. In a bone marrow biopsy, a larger needle is used to take a sample of the solid part.
Bone marrow biopsy and bone marrow aspiration are often done at the same time often referred to as a bone marrow exam.
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